History and mission
The Van der Hoeven Kliniek has a rich history. The hospital was created in 1955 and evolved from one of the oldest psychiatric institutions in the Netherlands: the Willem Arntsz Stichting. This foundation was named after a rich ship owner from Utrecht, who left money to the brothers to found a hospital for the mentally ill. This happened in 1461, at a site in the city centre of Utrecht. In 1841, the site became known as the ‘Geneeskundig gesticht voor krankzinnigen’. The Willem Arntsz Hoeve, Dennendal and the Willem Arntsz Huis were other institutions to develop from the Willem Arntsz Stichting.
The hospital for patients who have been detained under a hospital order
The Van der Hoeven Kliniek, which was founded in 1955, was named after Henri van der Hoeven, a pioneer in Dutch forensic psychiatry. Traditionally, the client is an institution for patients who have been detained under a hospital order. Patients will only be admitted if they have been issued with a hospital order that imposes detention and compulsory psychiatric treatment on them. A court will only impose an order of this nature in the case of serious offences in which the psychological disorders that offenders had at the time of the offence played a role and that are punishable by a custodial sentence of at least four years. Treatment in the hospital focuses on the prevention of reversion to punishable behaviour by patients.
The Intensive Treatment Clinic and long care
Since 2006, the Van der Hoeven Kliniek has also been able to offer patients admission to an Intensive Treatment Clinic. This makes it possible for the hospital to admit patients with a court authorisation or a detention too. In these situations, a civil court has decided that it is better for the safety of the patient and his (immediate) environment to admit him to a psychiatric hospital. These patients will be treated at the hospital. Depending on their specific problems, this will take place at the Intensive Treatment Clinic in Utrecht or at De Voorde in Amersfoort. With the creation of De Voorde in 2009, the hospital has been able to utilise the services of an independent branch in the grounds of the Zon & Schild general psychiatric hospital in Amersfoort (part of GGZ-Centraal). Amongst other things, De Voorde offers long care facilities for (psychotic) patients that need long-term care and counselling. Where possible, patients are discharged from De Voorde too; this is effected with all due care and subject to intensive counselling.
De Forensische Zorgspecialisten
Since 1991, the clinic has fallen under the umbrella of the Van der Hoeven Stichting. In 1992, this foundation also founded De Waag, a centre for outpatient forensic psychiatry, followed in 2004 by the Forensic Medical Child Abuse Centre (Forensische Polikliniek Kindermishandeling). To highlight the wide range of knowledge and services offered by the organisation, the foundation changed its name on 8 March 2012, since which it has been De Forensische Zorgspecialisten.
We work towards the achievement of a safe environment. We do this by teaching people (with a psychological disorder) how to live beyond the walls of our hospital. We teach them how to do this in a correct and responsible manner and in a way that is safe for others and for themselves too. Here ‘correct’ can be defined as living according to social rules and the law, while ‘responsible’ can be understood to mean the ability that people have to do this in a reliable and decent manner.
Our mission is accompanied by an aim. We aim to achieve a society in which it is good and safe to live. For us, this is a society in which treatment is key for people who demonstrate risk behaviour (as the result of a psychological disorder). Our object is to achieve the reintegration of patients into society – where it is possible to do this safely.
Van der Hoeven Kliniek is onderdeel van De Forensische Zorgspecialisten